Obesity Myths

You’ve probably been told a whole range of myths about obesity. This misinformation, discrimination and stigma impacts what society thinks about obesity and how it’s treated.

What causes obesity?
1 Das B, Khan O. The myths of obesity. Int J Surg 2019; 68: 114–16. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1743919119301529

2 Sumithran P and Proietto J. The defence of body weight: a physiological basis for weight regain after weight loss. Clin Sci 2103; 124: 231–41. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23126426/

3 Fothergill E, et al. Persistent Metabolic Adaptation 6 Years After “The Biggest Loser” Competition.Obesity 2016; 24(8): 1612–19. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27136388/

4 Careau V, Halsey L et al Energy compensation and adiposity in humans, Current Biology 2021, 31 (20), 4659-4666. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960982221011209

5 Schwartz M, et al. Obesity Pathogenesis: An Endocrine Society Scientific Statement Endocrine Rev 2017; 38: 267–96. https://academic.oup.com/edrv/article/38/4/267/3892397

6 Pilitsi E, et al. Pharmacotherapy of obesity: Available medications and drugs under investigation. Metab Clin Exp 2019; 92: 170–92. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30391259/

7 IBIS World. Weight Loss Services industry trends (2014-2019). Available at https://www.ibisworld.com.au/industry-trends/market-research-reports/personal-services/weight-loss-services.html. Accessed September 2019.

8 The role of physical activity and exercise in obesity. A position statement from the World Obesity Federation, Available from https://www.worldobesity.org/resources/resource-library/the-role-of-physical-activity-and-exercise-in-obesity. Accessed December 2021.

9 RACGP. Obesity prevention and management position statement 2019. Available at https://www.racgp.org.au/FSDEDEV/media/documents/RACGP/Position%20statements/Obesity-prevention-and-management.pdf, accessed December 2021.

10 RACP Action to prevent obesity and reduce its impact across the life course – Evidence Review. 2018. Available at https://www.racp.edu.au/docs/default-source/advocacy-library/racp-obesity-position-statement.pdf. Accessed December 2019

11 Caterson I, et al. Gaps to bridge: Misalignment between perception, reality and actions in obesity, Diabetes Obes Metab 2019; 21(8): 1914–24. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31032548/

12 National Health and Medical Research Council (2013). Clinical practice guidelines for the management of overweight and obesity in adults, adolescents and children in Australia. Available at https://www.nhmrc.gov.au/about-us/publications/clinical-practice-guidelines-management-overweight-and-obesity, accessed September 2019.

13 Casazza K, et al. Myths, Presumptions, and Facts about Obesity.N Engl J Med 2013; 368:446-454 https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMsa1208051

14 Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2020) Overweight and obesity: an interactive insight., AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 15 December 2021 https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/overweight-obesity/overweight-and-obesity-an-interactive-insight/contents/what-is-overweight-and-obesity

15 Bray G, et al. The Science of Obesity Management: An Endocrine Society Scientific Statement. Obesity Rev 2018; 39; 79-132 https://academic.oup.com/edrv/article/39/2/79/4922247

16 Brandkvist M, et al, Quantifying the impact of genes on body mass index during the obesity epidemic: longitudinal findings from the HUNT Study. BMJ 2019; 366:14067 https://www.bmj.com/content/366/bmj.l4067

17 Tavalire HF, Budd EL, Natsuaki MN, Neiderhiser JM, Reiss D, Shaw DS, et al. (2020) Using a sibling-adoption design to parse genetic and environmental influences on children’s body mass index (BMI). PLoS ONE 15(7): e0236261. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0236261

18 Kilpeläinen TO, Qi L, Brage S, Sharp SJ, Sonestedt E, Demerath E, et al. (2011) Physical Activity Attenuates the Influence of FTOVariants on Obesity Risk: A Meta-Analysis of 218,166 Adults and 19,268 Children. PLoS Med 8(11): e1001116. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001116

19 Williamson DF, Pamuk E, Thun M, Flanders D, Byers T, Heath C. Prospective study of intentional weight loss and mortality in never-smoking overweight US white women aged 40-64 years [published correction appears in Am J Epidemiol 1995 Aug 1;142(3):369]. Am J Epidemiol. 1995;141(12):1128-1141. doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a117386 https://academic.oup.com/aje/article-abstract/141/12/1128/148351?redirectedFrom=fulltext

20 Diabetes Prevention Program Research, G., et al., 10-year fo-up of diabetes incidence and weight loss in the Diabetes Prevention Program Outcomes Study. Lancet, 2009. 374(9702): p. 1677-86. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3135022/#.

21 Magkos F, Fraterrigo G, Yoshino J, et al. Effects of Moderate and Subsequent Progressive Weight Loss on Metabolic Function and Adipose Tissue Biology in Humans with Obesity. Cell Metab. 2016;23(4):591-601. doi:10.1016/j.cmet.2016.02.005 https://www.cell.com/cell-metabolism/fulltext/S1550-4131(16)30053-5?

22 Asthma Australia. What is Asthma.Available athttps://asthma.org.au/about-asthma/. Accessed December 2019.