Type 2 diabetes is a chronic illness that causes blood sugar levels to be higher than normal.
After most people eat, their bodies break down food into glucose and other nutrients. Eating triggers the pancreas to create a hormone called insulin, which helps release glucose into the bloodstream.
In type 2 diabetes, the body becomes resistant to insulin. This means it becomes less effective in managing the blood glucose levels.
The pancreas tries to help by producing more and more insulin. However, over time, the pancreas wears out.
It’s estimated that by the time a person is diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, they’ve lost 50 – 70% of the insulin-producing cells in their pancreas1.